Histories of Illinois counties, cities and regions, free online. History of Chicago.
Find the Directory for 90+ pages in this collection at History of the Great Lakes States.
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This website has links to numerous free online histories and biographical collections published in the late 19th and early 20th century. For Illinois there are dozens of titles of local histories and biographical collections.
A number of free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Illinois – Chicago”. Be patient as the page loads.
Chicago Historical Museum, The Newberry Library and Northwestern University
This online encyclopedia was produced in 2005 and contains much the same content as a print version produced about the same time. There appear to be thousands of subject entries as well as numerous maps and a number of videos.
Chicago: Democratic Press. 1854
This booklet consists of three articles previously published in the Daily Democratic Press newspaper. The first article contains descriptions of every existing and prospective railroad in the Chicago area or the region; at least 35 companies. The tone is promotional, repeatedly stressing the advantages of railroads for local economies, and in some cases providing revenue figures.
The second article is a 20-page “History of Chicago”. The third article, entitled “Historical and Commercial Statistics; Manufactures, Banking, etc.”, contains sections on the rising value of real estate, labor costs, the Chicago Water Works, descriptions of manufacturing companies, and others. The fourth article, “Commercial Review for 1853” contains economic data for agricultural and other commodities.
See also: Illinois Economic History
NY: Albertype 1890
Numerous photos and drawn illustrations of Chicago public buildings, monuments, residences and attractions.
Find 14 more subject pages of books and articles about Illinois at the History of the Great Lakes States Directory.
Andreas, A. T.
NY: Arno. 1884
Volume 1 carries the history up to 1857. Volume 2: From 1857 to the Fire of 1871. Volume 3: From the Fire of 1871 until 1885.
At the beginning of the volume is a detailed subject and name index, and an index to the many illustrations, but no Table of Contents. This book is based on other secondary works of the 19th century, rather than substantial original research. It is the author’s practice, common in many county histories of that era, to include throughout the volume long lists of names and many portraits.
See also: Illinois General History
Fergus Historical Series No. 1-10
Balastier, Joseph N.
Chicago: Fergus 1876
“A lecture delivered before the Chicago Lyceum, January 21, 1840”. This covers the early history of Chicago, as seen by a resident and early settler in 1840. It is preceded by an introduction written 36 years later by the same author.
Books and articles on Exploration & Travel in Historic Illinois
Bateman, Newton, ed.
Chicago: Munsell 1905
All of Volume 1 and the first part of Volume 2 are devoted to the history of Illinois, in encyclopedic form. Cook County History, in a more traditional chronological narration, begins on page 617 of Volume 2. The remainder of Volume 2 (pages 802-1030) is devoted to biographies and portraits of Cook County men.
Chicago Telephone Co.
Chicago Telephone Co. 1892
This directory lists mostly businesses; it appears that few residences had telephones at this early date. Included are instructions on how to make calls. There are separate directories within the volume for the various exchanges that cover different areas of the city.
Colbert, Elias, and Everett Chamberlin
Cincinnati: Vent 1872
“The first part is devoted to a history of Chicago, its inception and growth. Statistics of the city in 1870 show its condition prior to the fire. The latter half of the book gives an account of the conflagration of 1872, made up largely of the descriptions of eye-witnesses and from newspaper reports. The story of the relief sent to the city widens the interest of the book, although the whole has now become an incident.”
– Literature of American History; a bibliographical guide (1902)
Cook, Frederick Francis
Chicago: McClurg 1910
An intelligent, well-written and reflective memoir-history of the era of the Civil War and after, by a career Chicago newspaperman.
Fergus Historical Series No. 26-29
Fergus, Robert, comp.
Chicago: Fergus 1896
Contains lists of officials, organizations and businesses, followed by a list of all residents. The 1896 compiler corrected numerous errors in the original directory and added death information, when known, to many of the entries in the directory of residents. The last section, also added by the compiler, is an “Obituary”. It is described as “Names, places, dates, and ages at death of some of Chicago’s Old Settlers, prior to 1843, and other well-known citizens who arrived after 1843, together with others prominently connected with Illinois history”.
Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society Vol. 47 No. 2 Summer 1954 pp 167-175
Springfield: the Society
The author of this paper, a history graduate student, describes the visits and observations of three British writers who were in Chicago in 1833. Charles J. Latrobe was a wealthy English author who published a popular book about his trip, The Rambler in North America. Patrick Shirreff was a farmer from England who visited Illinois to examine farm lands. Charles Cleaver immigrated to Chicago in 1833 with his wife and nine children and became an early Chicago businessman.
Works of Fiction set in Illinois
This address was read before the Chicago Historical Society in 1904.
Chicago: Donnelley. 1913
In an effort to characterize Chicago in the 1840s and 1850s, the publisher selected extracts from the published reminiscences of three Chicagoans. To throw light on the rapid economic growth Chicago experienced during this era, a chapter on the first railroads was included.
Table of Contents:
William Bross, “What I Remember of Early Chicago”
Charles Cleaver, extracts from articles in the Chicago Tribune
Joseph Jefferson, reprint from his autobiography
A. T. Andreas, “Chicago’s First Railroad Systems” [from his History of Chicago, found on this web page.]
Chicago: Donnelley. 1912
This is a collection from observers of Chicago, mainly before 1840.
Table of Contents:
Hoffman, Charles Fenno, Selection from “A Winter in the West”
Martineau, Harriet, Selection from “Society in America”
Wentworth, John, Lecture before the Sunday Lecture Society
Wentworth, John, Address at the Reception to the Settlers of Chicago Prior to 1840
Caton, John Dean, Address at the Reception to the Settlers of Chicago Prior to 1840
Scammon, Jonathan Young, Address at the Reception to the Settlers of Chicago Prior to 1840
Chicago and the Old Northwest, 1673-1835: a study of the evolution of the northwestern frontier, together with a history of Fort Dearborn
Quaife, Milo M.
Chicago: Univ. of Chicago. 1913
This volume by history professor Milo Quaife was intended as a readable popular history and also an up-to-date (early 20th century) scholarly explanation of the significant place of Chicago in the struggle for the Northwest.
Contents: – The Chicago Portage – Chicago in the Seventeenth Century – The Fox Wars: A Half-Century of Conflict – Chicago in the Revolution – The Fight for the Northwest – The Founding of Fort Dearborn – Nine years of Garrison Life – The Indian Utopia – The Outbreak of War – The Battle and Defeat – The Fate of the Survivors – The New Fort Dearborn – The Indian Trade – War and the Plague – The Vanishing of the Red Man
There are nine appendixes containing accounts of the Fort Dearborn massacre, and a 20-page annotated bibliography.
Please visit our collection of 2,000+ selected online magazine and newspaper articles on 40 subjects, plus online map & vintage photo collections, at Century Past History Resources
Thomson and Zimmerman
Chicago: Thomson and Zimmerman 1892
Includes many illustrations.
Lansden, John M.
Chicago: Donnelley. 1910
This history was written by a lawyer and long-time resident of Cairo. Unlike many local histories of that time period, this does not appear to be mainly biographical, but is a wide-ranging history of city institutions, economic development and political issues.
Sangamon County Historical Society
This growing website has hundreds of entries on a wide variety of topics related to the history of Sangamon County.
Alvord, Clarence W., ed.
Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library. 1907
This is a volume in the series “Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library”. It begins with a 150-page history of Cahokia by Professor Clarence Alvord, which provides some historical background about this old French-Canadian town, and covers in detail the period of General George Rogers Clark’s rule during the Revolutionary War. This is followed by a wide variety of transcribed court records from the district of Cahokia. All records appear to be both in French and English.
Alvord, Clarence W., ed.
Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library 1909
Like the book Cahokia Records, 1778-1790, found on this page, this volume is from the series “Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library”. This book follows a different plan from that one, however. This has only a very brief introductory chapter, and the remainder of the book consists of chapters on fairly specific topics, telling the stories of those topics through the use of documents. All documents that were originally in French appear in the original, followed by English translations.
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Alvord, Clarence W.
In this address Professor Alvord announced to the Chicago Historical Society that the long-lost 18th century records of Kaskaskia had been found. Kaskaskia was founded in 1700 by French Jesuit missionaries. There was little orderly government until the erection of Fort de Chartres in 1723. From that date French civil officials at the fort kept minutes and records, and from 1737 a French court in the village also was active. In this address Alvord describes the history of Kaskaskia, the history of its archived government records, and the story of their discovery.
To read some of the records, see Alvord’s volume on this page, Kaskaskia Records 1778-1790.
Federal Writers’ Project (Illinois), Works Project Administration
City of Galena 1937
Contents: – General Information – Galena, Profile of the Past – Jo Daviess County: A Glacial Caprice – Burial Ground – Many Mines – Many Miners – Boom Border – Lead and Grain – The Fermenting Fifties – A Middle-Aged Clerk in a Faded Army Coat – Armed years – Landmarks and Watermarks – Strolling our Streets – Points of Interest – Environs – Chronology – Galena Bibliography – Personal Interviews – Views of Galena
Bateman, Newton, ed.
This search results list has links to many versions of this ‘encyclopedia’ of Illinois history, each containing at the end of the volume the history of an Illinois county, and biographies and portraits of some of the county residents.
together with a list of county histories, atlases, and biographical collections and a list of territorial and state laws
Springfield, ILL: Illinois State Historical Library. 1914
This is Volume 2 in the Illinois State Historical Library’s Bibliographical Series. It contains annotated bibliographies of books that are significant in Illinois history for the following subject areas:
Travel and Description, 1765-1865
-County Histories, Atlases and Biographical Collections
-Historiography of Illinois Counties
-Territorial and State Laws
Burroughs, Burt E.
Chicago: Regan 1923
The author was a native of Kankakee County; his parents being among the earliest pioneers. However, the author points out that this is not a conventional local history, but rather a collection of legends and tales in the Valley of the Kankakee, “touching upon many things curious, unusual and out of the ordinary”. It is also a literate and valuable account of ‘daily life’ in rural Illinois in the early 19th century.
History of the English Settlement in Edwards County, Illinois founded in 1817 and 1818 by Morris Birkbeck and George Flower
Chicago: Fergus 1909
The completed manuscript of this history of the English Settlement, written by the founders, was presented by Flowers to the Chicago Historical Society in 1860. Flowers was a wealthy Englishman who bought some 26,000 acres (40 sq. miles) in the vicinity of present-day Albion, Illinois, and brought about 200 English settlers to farm upon it. Birkbeck and Flowers went on to play important roles in preventing Illinois from becoming a pro-slavery state in 1824.
Pease, Theodore Calvin, ed.
Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library 1915
This is Volume 12 of the series Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library. It is an inventory of records found at the county courthouses of each of Illinois’ 102 counties.
Over 120 magazines online, from the early 1800s to today, at Read Old Magazines Online
Fifty Years Ago, or, Gleanings Respecting the History of Northern Illinois, a few years previous to, & during the Black Hawk War
Woodruff, George H.
Joliet, ILL: Joliet Republic. 1883
This volume was assembled from a number of articles published in a newspaper in Will County just prior to an 1882 reunion of old pioneers. The articles were mainly based on a variety of published histories, including county histories, but also included many details and stories collected from old pioneers. Most of the content is related to the Black Hawk War or smaller-scale conflicts with Indians.
Conger, John Leonard
Chicago: Clarke 1932
The author was a Professor of History at Knox College. Volume 1 is a general history of the valley, which makes up about one quarter of Illinois. Volumes 2 and 3 are entirely biographical, and each has an index at the end for individuals profiled in that volume. Many photos.
Way, Royal Brunson
Chicago: Clarke 1926
Covering Jefferson, Dodge, Dane and Rock Counties in Wisconsin; and Winnebago, Stephenson, Boone, Ogle, Lee, Whiteside, Henry and Rock Island Counties in Illinois. The editor was a Professor of History and Political Science at Beloit College. Volume 1 has all the history. Volumes 2 and 3 are entirely biographical, and each has an index at the end for individuals profiled in that volume. Many photos.
Of nearly 250 webpages of books and other resources at Century Past History,
over 90 pages are in the group History of the Great Lakes States.