Native American History – Reference Books – Maps – Online Book Collections

Free online books about the History of Native Americans. This is the first of five webpages of books about Native Americans. This page has selected individual books on Indian history, including archaeological studies, plus reference books, maps, and atlases. Also there are links to several large additional collections of books on American Indians.

Hint: When a book you want to borrow at Internet Archive is already checked out, go to the Internet Archive’s ‘Search’ box, check “Search Metadata”, and search for the book’s title. Sometimes they have two or more copies.

Century Past Library


Native Americans webpages on Century Past Library

History & Reference
Tribes & Regions
Political & Legal

Native American History – General & Reference

Indians of North America Collection

Almost 6,000 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians of North America”. Be patient as the page loads.

Native American History Collection

Over 800 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Native American History”. Be patient as the page loads.

History of the Indians of Canada Collection

About 25 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians of North America – Canada – History”. Be patient as the page loads.

American Prehistoric Peoples Collection

About 30 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians – Prehistoric Peoples”. Be patient as the page loads.

Please visit our large collection of books on American (U.S.) history at American History

American Indian Antiquities Collection

About 80 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians of North America – Antiquities”. Be patient as the page loads.

American Indian Archaeology Collection

About 310 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians – Archaeology”. Be patient as the page loads.

Central American Indian Antiquities Collection

About 40 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Central America – Antiquities”. Be patient as the page loads.

American Indian Wars Collection

About 70 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians of North America – Wars”. Be patient as the page loads.

American Indians – Bibliography Collection

About 30 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Indians of North America – Bibliography”. Be patient as the page loads.

Selected Articles on U.S. History in the 19th Century

Chronicle of the Indian Wars, From Colonial Times to Wounded Knee

Axelrod, Alan
Prentice Hall 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“From the moment that Europeans landed on America’s shores, they engaged in bloody conflict with the natives they encountered. Tensions and hostilities bred in the colonial wars with the Spanish, English, French, and Dutch would lead inevitably to the later wars of the removal period, skirmishes on the western Plains, and, ultimately, the confrontation at Wounded Knee. Now, captured here in the words of those who lived it, is the epic, violent history of a landscape turned red – through fear, greed, and fatal misunderstanding. Each chapter in this sweeping narrative outlines and focuses on a particular war or period, re-creating its conflicts through hundreds of immediate sources – the diaries and letters of military commanders, captivity narratives and missionary journals, U.S. Army reports and treaties, and Native American speeches and oral accounts.” -Publisher

Contents: (10 chapter titles of 28) Ch. 1. Black legend, red men: new Spain (1492-1751) — Ch. 2. “To subdue the wilde salvages:” Jamestown and the southern settlements (1607-1671) — Ch. 3. Trouble in New Canaan: the Pequot War (1634-1638) — Ch. 4. New England bleeds: King Philip’s War (1675-1676) — Ch. 5. Trade and tyranny: the Dutch-Indian Wars (1626-1664) — Ch. 6. Iroquoian imperialism: the Beaver Wars (1638-1684) — Ch. 7. Clients, allies, enemies, and a demagogue: the Indian War of 1675-1676 — Ch. 8. Old world enmities, new world battles: the wars of King William and Queen Anne (1688-1713) — Ch. 9. Desperate resistance: the Tuscarora and Yamassee Wars (1710-1716) — Ch. 10. An ear and an empire: the Fox Resistance, King George’s War, and the Chickasaw Resistance (1712-1748)

The European and the Indian

Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America

Axtell, James
Oxford University 1982        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Deals with the encounters of Europeans and Indians in colonial North America. A blending of history and anthropology, the author draws on a wide variety of sources, including archaeological findings, linguistics, accounts of colonists, art, and published scholarship.” -Publisher

Contents: The ethnohistorical approach — 1. Ethnohistory: an historian’s viewpoint — 2. The unkindest cut, or who invented scalping?: a case study — From Indian to European — 3. The invasion within: the contest of cultures in colonial North America — 4. Dr. Wheelock’s little red school — 5. Last rights: the acculturation of native funerals in colonial North America — From European to Indian — 6. The scholastic philosophy of the wilderness — 7. The white Indians of colonial America — 8. Scalping: the ethnohistory of a moral question — American encounter — 9. The English colonial impact on Indian culture — 10. The Indian impact on English colonial culture.

Americans before Columbus

Baity, Elizabeth Chesley
Viking 1975        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Here is unfolded to the mind and imagination of the reader an impressive panorama of life on the American continents before ever Columbus opened the way for European exploration and conquest… The story sweeps in dramatic episodes from the cold and lonely journey of Asiatic peoples across the Bering Strait, to the highly organized civilization of the Incas. “It is a story of epic size, of ordinary human beings faced with the challenge of the unknown and the dangerous, and of the courage and endurance with which these men, women, and children traveled across the icy top of the world … and found their way down from the cold northland into the endless Great Plains from which they spread in countless ways.” -Book jacket

The Eyes of Discovery

The Pageant of North America as Seen by the First Explorers

Bakeless, John
Dover 1961        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This unique and unusual book brings to life for you the sights, sounds, and smells of your land in its unspoiled state before the white man. Every region in the country is presented as it appeared to the first Europeans who settled or explored it. You visit a Manhattan fragrant with wild flowers and covered with forests; a Boston still teeming with beavers; a Chicago trodden by countless herds of buffalo. Your eyes feast on miles of virgin canebrake, the wild turkeys in the magnolias, and the many gorgeous birds soon to be wiped out by greedy hunters. Citing scores of original journals, diaries, and letters, as well as authentic Indian narratives, Mr. Bakeless reconstructs the reciprocal impact of the civilized Europeans and the untamed new land.” -Publisher

White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present

Berkhofer, Robert F.
Knopf 1978        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Columbus called them “Indians” because his geography was faulty. But that name and, more important, the images it has come to suggest have endured for five centuries, not only obscuring the true identity of the original Americans but serving as an ideological weapon in their subjugation. Now, in this brilliant and deeply disturbing reinterpretation of the American past, Robert Berkhofer has written an impressively documented account of the self-serving stereotypes Europeans and white Americans have concocted about the “Indian”: Noble Savage or bloodthirsty redskin, he was deemed inferior in the light of western, Christian civilization and manipulated to its benefit. A thought-provoking and revelatory study of the absolute, seemingly ineradicable pervasiveness of white racism, The White Man’s Indian is a truly important book which penetrates to the very heart of our understanding of ourselves.” -Publisher

Our Home page, housing three giant online collections – entirely free. Century Past History

Encyclopedia of North American Indians (11 vols), ed.

Birchfield, D.L.
Marshall Cavendish 1997        Dewey Dec.   970.11

A comprehensive reference work on the culture and history of Native Americans.


Brandon, William
American Heritage 1987        Dewey Dec.   970.11

A volume in the “American Heritage Library”. “Here is a definitive one-volume account of the American Indians from their arrival via the Bering Strait to their rapid and extraordinary expansion throughout the New World. William Brandon, an authority on Indians and the West, chronicles 20,000 years of Indian history, telling how the Indians developed dramatically different cultures, how they interacted with each other and the white settlers, and how, in the end, they were nearly exterminated.” -Book cover

Fighting Indian Warriors: True Tales of the Wild Frontiers

Brininstool, E.A.
Indian Head 1995        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contents: Fetterman’s folly : the true story of the tragic Fort Phil Kearny Disaster — The wagon box fight : thirty-two against three thousand, Sergt. Sam Gibson’s experience — The “island of death” : Forsyth’s scouts in the Beecher Island Battle, as experience by Scout Sigmund Shlesinger — The rescue of Forsyth’s scouts by Col. L.H. Carpenter, 10th cavalry — The “dull knife” outbreak of the northern Cheyennes at Fort Robinson, Nebr. 1879 — The Modoc Indian War of 1873 : how Tobey Riddle, Modoc Indian heroine, saved the lives of the peace commissioners — The Sioux ghost dance trouble at Pine Ridge Agency, South Dakota, 1890 — The “buffalo wallow” fight of 1874 : honors for Scout Billy Dixon — Major Frank North’s famous “Pawnee Scouts” batallion — “California Joe” (Moses Milner), noted scout and guide for Custer, 1868 — History of the famous “Pony Express” — “Little Bat” (Baptiste Garnier) : noted scout, guide, hunter, trailer, 1876 — The story of Old Fort Pease — An unequal duel : a true story of a northern Cheyenne Indiana fanaticism — The history of Bent’s Old Fort, Colorado, in early wild western days — Jim Bridger : greatest of plainsmen between 1825 and 1870 — “Clamity Jane” (Martha Canary) : romantic Black Hills figure

Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee

Brown, Dee
Bantam 1981        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The history of American westward expansion from the point of view of the Indians who were its victims. The author … found that, according to government policy, there were no ‘good’ Indians; even leaders who held out for peace and the white men’s way were ruthlessly destroyed, as at Sand Creek and Wounded Knee. He recounts, in grim detail, efforts to herd the Indian people on to reservations regardless of the conditions on them.” – Publ Wkly

Native American Leaders

Brown, Janet Hubbard
Chelsea House 1999        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Profiles twenty-five Native American leaders, mostly from the nineteenth century, including Big Elk (Omaha), Geronimo (Apache), Joseph (Nez Perce), Red Cloud (Oglala Sioux), and White Swan (Crow).

White Devil: A True Story of War, Savagery, and Vengeance in Colonial America

Brumwell, Stephen
Da Capo 2005        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“In North America’s first major conflict, known today as the French and Indian War, France and England–both in alliance with Native American tribes–fought each other in a series of bloody battles and terrifying raids. No confrontation was more brutal and notorious than the massacre of the British garrison of Fort William Henry–an incident memorably depicted in James Fenimore Cooper’s The Last of the Mohicans. That atrocity stoked calls for revenge, and the tough young Major Robert Rogers and his “Rangers” were ordered north into enemy territory to exact it.
On the morning of October 4, 1759, Rogers and his men surprised the Abenaki Indian village of St. Francis, slaughtering its sleeping inhabitants without mercy. A nightmarish retreat followed. When, after terrible hardships, the raiders finally returned to safety, they were hailed as heroes by the colonists, and their leader was immortalized as “the brave Major Rogers.” But the Abenakis remembered Rogers differently: To them he was Wobomagonda–“White Devil.” -Publisher

New Worlds for All

Indians, Europeans, and the Remaking of Early America

Calloway, Colin G.
Johns Hopkins University 1997        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Calloway explores the unique and vibrant new cultures that Indians and Europeans forged together in early America. The process, Calloway writes, lasted longer than the United States has existed as a nation. During that time, most of America was still “Indian country,” and even in areas of European settlement, Indians and Europeans remained a part of each other’s daily lives: living, working, worshiping, traveling, and trading together – as well as fearing, avoiding, despising, and killing one another. Ranging across the continent and over 300 years, New Worlds for All describes encounters between Spanish conquistadors and Zuni warriors, Huron shamans and French Jesuit missionaries, English merchants and Montagnais traders. Calloway’s discussion of conflict and cooperation includes the use of natural resources and shared knowledge about trail networks, herbal medicines, metal tools, and weapons. He depicts the European emulation of Indian military tactics, the varied responses of Indian societies to Christianity, attempts made on all sides to learn the languages and customs of the other, and the intermingling of peoples at the fringes of competing cultures – through captivity and adoption, attempts to escape one’s own society and embrace another, or intermarriage. The New World, Calloway concludes, brought new identities for all, as Indian and European cultures combined to create a uniquely American identity.” -Publisher

One Vast Winter Count: the Native American West before Lewis and Clark

Calloway, Colin G.
University of Nebraska 2003        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This magnificent, sweeping account traces the histories of the Native peoples of the American West from their arrival thousands of years ago to the early years of the nineteenth century. Colin G. Calloway depicts Indian country west of the Appalachians to the Pacific, with emphasis on conflict and change.” -Publisher

North American Indian Landmarks: A Traveler’s Guide

Cantor, George
Visible Ink 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This is a guided tour of more than 300 sites across the continent of North America which are associated with Native American Indians. Arranged by region, the guide is illustrated with photographs and detailed maps of the sites, bringing the history and culture of the first Americans to life. It also includes practical travel information, a glossary and timeline.” -Publisher

Illustrations of the Manners, Customs, & Condition of the North American Indians, Vol 1

Vol 2

with letters and notes, written during eight years of travel and adventure among the wildest and most remarkable tribes now existing

Catlin, George
Chatto and Windus 1876        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The two volumes contain 360 colored engravings from the author’s original paintings. First published in 1841.

Please visit our 90-web-page collection of books, articles, and maps at the History of the Great Lakes States

The First American: A Story of North American Archaeology

Ceram, C.W.
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1971        Dewey Dec.   970.1

“Who was the first American? When did he first come upon the North American continent? The story unfolds with the suspense of a tale of mystery. Ceram retraces the routes followed by explorers, scientists, and archaeologists, and takes a fresh look at the material they have discovered. He considers in this broader context many clues that have long baffled specialists. As a result, The First American provides the answers to a number of important questions. The author reveals the astounding richness of the American Indians’ cultural legacy. Frequently he poses new, puzzling problems of historical interpretation.” – Book jacket

Chronology of Native North American history, from pre-Columbian Times to the Present

Champagne, Duane
Gale Research 1994        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This comprehensive, illustrated reference is designed for students seeking information on important people, places and events. Special features include an annotated bibliography; tribal chronologies; introductory essay surveying Native cultures, history and religions; short biographical sketches of Native Americans; and a helpful keyword index.” -Publisher

A Little Matter of Genocide

Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present

Churchill, Ward
City Lights 1997        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“In this provocative collection of essays, Ward Churchill examines the definition of genocide — in legal as well as cultural terms. He begins by framing the matter of holocaust denial, examining both “revisionist” denial of the Jewish Holocaust, and the opposing claim of its exclusive “uniqueness.” Then, using the true scope of what happened in Europe under Nazism as a reference point, Churchill provides a stunning array of evidence in support of the argument that genocide is precisely what has been carried out against Indians of the Americas since the arrival of Columbus, with atrocities continuing unabated today. Churchill reveals how the international definition of the crime of genocide has been subverted to meet various political ends — and demonstrates why the historic and contemporary suffering of indigenous peoples should be included in this category.”- Publisher

Scholastic Encyclopedia of the American Indian

Ciment, James
Scholastic Reference 1996        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This celebration of historic–and present-day–Native American cultures includes information on the contemporary lives of more than 149 Indian groups, from the Canadian North to the Yucatan Peninsula, researched especially for this book. Contains a timeline, maps, a list of sites and museums, and more than 500 illustrations.” -Publisher

Atlas of Ancient America

Coe, Michael D., et al
Facts on File 1986        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Text, illustrations, and maps survey the history, art, and archaeology of the original cultures native to North, Central, and South America.

Selected Articles about Teaching History

Indians of the Americas: The Long Hope

Collier, John
New American Library 1948        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The long history of the Indians of the Western Hemisphere is both tragic and inspiring: tragic because it is a shameful record of conquest and spoliation by white men— inspiring because out of it emerges that passion and reverence for human personality, for the web of life, and for the earth which has been a sacred trust of the Indian since before the Stone Age.” -Book cover

The North American Indian (20 volumes)

Curtis, Edward S.
Curtis 1907-1930         Dewey Dec.   970.11

Edward Sheriff Curtis published The North American Indian between 1907 and 1930 with the intent to record traditional Indian cultures. The work comprises twenty volumes of narrative text and photogravure images. Each volume is accompanied by a portfolio of large photogravure plates. The entire work is presented on this website.

Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia

Davis, Mary B.
Garland 1994        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This volume offers tribal-specific information on the art, daily life, economic development, and religion of 20th century American Indians and Alaska Natives and the government policy that affects them.” -Libr J.

Native Americans and the Spanish

DeAngelis, Therese
Chelsea House 1997        Dewey Dec.   970.11

An historical account of the clash between Native American and Spanish cultures in the Western Hemisphere including profiles of leaders from both sides.

Indian Chiefs

Deur, Lynne
Lerner 1972        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The story of the white man’s westward expansion is also the tragic history of the displacement of the Indian by warfare and forced removal to government reservations. In 14 biographical sketches of Indian leaders from King Philip to Chief Joseph, the author focuses on the struggles of the Wamoanoag, the Shawnee. the Sauk and Fox, the Sioux, the Nez Percé, and others to retain their land and their way of life. ” – Book cover

Contents: Indian patriots and white savages – King Philip – Pontiac – Joseph Brant – Tecumseh – Sequoyah – Osceola – Black Hawk and Keokuk – Crazy Horse – Gall – Sitting Bull – Cochise – Geronimo – Joseph

Links to over 120 magazines free online, from the early 1800s to today, at Old Magazines Online

Countering Colonization: Native American Women and Great Lakes Missions, 1630-1900

Devens, Carol
University of California 1992        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“With Countering Colonization, Carol Devens offers a well-documented, revisionary history of Native American women. From the time of early Jesuit missionaries to the late nineteenth century, Devens brings Ojibwa, Cree, and Montagnais-Naskapi women of the Upper Great Lakes region to the fore. Far from being passive observers without regard for status and autonomy, these women were pivotal in their own communities and active in shaping the encounter between Native American and white civilizations.
While women’s voices have been silenced in most accounts, their actions preserved in missionary letters and reports indicate the vital part women played during centuries of conflict. In contrast to some Indian men who accepted the missionaries’ religious and secular teachings as useful tools for dealing with whites, many Indian women felt a strong threat to their ways of life and beliefs. Women endured torture and hardship, and even torched missionaries’ homes in an attempt to reassert control over their lives. Devens demonstrates that gender conflicts in Native American communities, which anthropologists considered to be “aboriginal,” resulted in large part from women’s and men’s divergence over the acceptance of missionaries and their message.” -Publisher

The Indian To-day; The Past and Future of the First American

Eastman, Charles A.
Doubleday 1915        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“A well-known Sioux presents in simple, forceful style his view of the problems of the Indian. He compares former conditions, social and industrial, with those of 1915, and criticizes the agency system and the injustices of the government, while recognizing all efforts to help the Indian to independence”. -A.L.A. Catalog 1926

Old Indian Days

Eastman, Charles A.
Doubleday 1910        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The chivalry of the Indian warrior and the womanliness of the Indian woman are subjects which Mr. Eastman sets forth with authority and sentiment. In an idealized sense his tales become more ‘than mere narrations of savage exploits and records of the legends and traditions, beliefs and practices, of a primitive people.” -Book Review Digest

Disinherited: The Lost Birthright of the American Indian

Every, Dale Van
Avon 1970        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“In 1826, the Cherokee Indian nation of the Tennessee River Valley system owned 27 ,OOO cattle, 46,000 pigs, 726 looms and had 18 schools. Cousins of the Iroquois, the Cherokees were among the most ancient and powerful of North American tribes. They were well on their way toward assimilation into the white man’s world, along with four neighboring tribes of the Deep South when, through government decree, the Cherokees and neighboring Indians were forced to sell their native land and resettle west of the Mississippi. Dale Van Every tells the full story of the Cherokee dispossession, using this particular calamity as a symbol of the lost birthright of all North American Indians.” -Kirkus Reviews

The Great Journey: the Peopling of Ancient America

Fagan, Brian M.
Thames and Hudson 1987        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Most of us are acquainted with the European discovery of America, but how and when did American Indians occupy the continent? That’s the fascinating puzzle Fagan discusses here–and he reveals himself as a meticulous, skeptical researcher. . . . The upshot is an informative, balanced, and often exciting account.”–Kirkus

Contents: Friars, antiquarians, and moundbuilders — Palaeoliths and extinct animals — In the beginning — Modern humans take the stage — Beringia — Alaska and the Yukon territory — The ice-free corridor? — On the track of the earliest settlers — The Clovis people and their forebears — The bison hunters — The northern world — Epilog

Crimson Desert: Indian wars of the American Southwest

Faulk, Odie B.
Oxford University 1974        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Migration … invasion … war. By the time the Europeans came to the Southwest, this pattern had been repeated there dozens of times for over 20,000 years. The white newcomers, like the nomads, hunters, cliff dwellers, and others
before them, fought to drive the entrenched “natives” onto the marginal acres. ‘Crimson Desert’ is a fair-minded account of this clash of civilizations. Odie Faulk points out that “Each side had its heroes and villains—and no monopoly on truth and right. Together these two races, red and white, sowed hatred and distrust and they reaped mutilation, death, and destruction as well as an enduring legacy of recrimination and antipathy.” – Book jacket

Soldier and Brave

Historic Places Associated with Indian Affairs and the Indian Wars in the Trans-Mississippi West

Ferris, Robert G.
U.S. Dept of the Interior 1971        Dewey Dec.   970.11

This is one of a series of books designed to make available to Americans the findings of the National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, a nationwide program conducted by the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior under authority of the Historic Sites Act of 1935. The Survey’s purpose is to identify historic and prehistoric places of significance to the Nation.

America’s Ancient Treasures: A Guide to Archeological Sites and Museums in the United States and Canada

Folsom, Franklin & Mary E.
University of New Mexico 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“A revised and expanded edition of a highly praised travel guide to U.S. and Canadian archeological sites and museums or prehistoric Indian life. Included and described are all of the archeological sites that have been prepared for public view in North America. Here, too, are profiles of the museums and collections that interpret America’s aboriginal past. This guide enables visitors to discover the America of an earlier era–where the prehistoric Indians came from, how they clothed and fed themselves, and what they left as evidence of their art, religion, and daily life.” -Publisher

Indian Slave Trade

Gallay, Alan
Yale University 2002        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This study focuses on the traffic in Indian slaves during the early years of the American South. The Indian slave trade was of central importance from the Carolina coast to the Mississippi Valley for nearly 50 years, linking southern lives and creating a whirlwind of violence and profit-making, argues Alan Gallay. He documents in detail how the trade operated, the processes by which Europeans and Native Americans became participants, and the profound consequences for the South and its peoples.” -Publisher

Contents: Part I : South to 1701 — Mississippian era ; Carolina, the Westo, and the trade in Indian slaves, 1670-1685 ; Crossroad of cultures : Scots, Yamasee, and the Carolina colony, 1684-1701 — Part II : Adjustments, 1698-1708 — Arkansas, Tunica, Taensa, and French missionaries : communication across the cultural divide, 1698-1700 ; Diplomacy and war, 1699-1706 ; British imperialism and Indian warfare in the South : John Stewart and Thomas Nairne — Part III : Intentions, 1707-1711 — Indians, traders, and the reform of the Indian trade, 1707-1708 ; Defining the empire : Carolina and the conversion of Indians ; Carolina’s Indian traders — Part IV : Repercussions, 1712-1717 — Tuscarora War ; Contours of the Indian slave trade ; Yamasee War — Afterword

American Indian: Prehistory to the Present

Gibson, Arrell M.
D.C. Heath 1980        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contents: The human presence – Native American cultural foundations – Genesis of modern tribalism – The tribal setting in 1500 – Spain and the Native Americans – France and the Native Americans – Holland and the Native Americans – Russia and the Native Americans – Britons and the Native Americans – Indians and the European imperial legacy – Indians under Anglo-American dominion 1776-1800 – Indians under Anglo-American dominion 1800-1828 – Indians under Anglo-American dominion 1828-1840 – Indians under Anglo-American dominion 1840-1861 – Native Americans and the Civil War – End of Indian military power – Native American nadir: the reservation era – Strategies of evasion – Final divestment of the Indian estate – Native Americans in the twentieth century 1900-1945 – Native Americans in the twentieth century 1945 to the present

Books on Canadian history at History of Canada

American Indian, from Colonial times to the Present

Gibson, Michael
G.P. Putnam’s Sons 1974        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contents: Indians and the white men – The Plains Indians – The Great Sioux Wars – The Apache Wars – The Nez Perce and the Utes – The Ghost Dance – The Indian in modern America

The Story of the Indian

Grinnel, George Bird
Appleton 1909        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This volume might be called one of recollections, for in it have been set down many memories of Indian life. The scenes described I have witnessed with my own eyes; the stories related are those which have been told me by the Indians themselves.” – Author’s Intro

Contents: His home – Recreations – A marriage – Subsistence – His hunting – The war trail – Fortunes of war – Prairie battlefields – Implements and industries – Man and nature – His creation – The world of the dead – Pawnee religion – The old faith and the new – The coming of the white man

Indians of North America: Methods and Sources for Library Research

Haas, Marilyn
Library Professional 1983        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This is a guide to library research on North American Indians…. The book is in three parts. The first part covers library methodology and reference works. The second part is an annotated bibliography of books on topics useful in Indian study: agriculture, alcohol, archaeology, art, and so on through the alphabet. The third part is an unannotated list of books on individual tribes… In addition to aiding librarians, I hope this book can also serve as a self-teaching manual for those unfamiliar with library practice.” – Author’s preface

Contents: Part 1: Library methodology and reference works: subject headings, classification systems and call numbers – Indexes – Abstracts – On-line data bases – Library catalogs – Handbooks, encyclopedias, dictionary – Directories, catalogs, and dissertation sources – Archives and government documents – Part 2: Annotated bibliography alphabetically by topic – Part 3: Unannotated bibliography alphabetically by tribe

American Indians

Hagan, William T.
University of Chicago 1961        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“In writing this history of the relationship between white man and Indian, William T. Hagan shows how it was doomed at the start by the conflict of cultures and attitudes. The Indians could never be classified as one nation—the tribes ranged from the fiercely warlike Comanches to the Papagos, who regarded war as a form of insanity. Nor was there an “average” white man among the mixture of nationalities, cultures, and religions that the Indians encountered. The great variation on either side prevented any consistency in relationship, and, whereas there were instances of conscientious guardianship and corresponding loyalty, the story was more frequently one of callous disregard of Indian rights and acts of great brutality.” -Book cover

Annotated Bibliography of the Literature on American Indians Published in State Historical Society Publications: New England and Middle Atlantic States

Hirschfelder, Arlene B.
Kraus International 1982        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Contains those materials by and about American Indians that have appeared in publications of thirteen state-level historical societies in eleven New England and Middle Atlantic states. Coverage extends from the publication of the first volume in each series until the last volume published in 1979.” -Introduction

Selected Biographical Articles

Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Part 1

Part 2

Hodge, Frederick Webb, ed.
Govt Printing Office 1910        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. “Contains a descriptive list of the stocks, confederacies, tribes, tribal divisions and settlements north of Mexico, accompanied with the various names by which these have been known, together with biographies of Indians of note, sketches of their history, archeology, manners, arts, customs and institutions,…”

Code Talkers and Warriors: Native Americans and World War II

Holm, Tom
Chelsea House 2007        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Code Talkers and Warriors, part of the insightful new Landmark Events in Native American History set, chronicles Native American life during World War II. This impeccably researched and illustrated volume covers issues such as draft resistance on the basis of religion and sovereignty; the relocation of Native Americans to West Coast defense plants; how the war facilitated assimilationist thinking; the transition to post-war life; and Native American contributions to the war effort, such as the famed code talkers and Iwo Jima.” -Publisher

Encyclopedia of North American Indians

Hoxie, Frederick E.
Houghton Mifflin 1996        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Even as interest in the powerful, often tragic history of Native America grows, many books continue to perpetuate long-standing misconceptions of the past as well as the romantic stereotypes often popularized today. Readers can now rely on Encyclopedia of North American Indians for an authentic and often surprising portrait of the complexities of the Native American experience. Written by more than 260 contemporary authorities, the volume features many Native American contributors – including eminent writers, tribal elders, scholars, and activists – with voices as distinct as their subjects, offering a deeper and more informed appreciation of American Indian life, past and present.” -Publisher

The Red Man’s Continent

A Chronicle of Aboriginal America

Huntington, Ellsworth
Glasgow, Brook 1919        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The author has aimed first to present … the main facts about the geographical environment of American history. The influence of geographical conditions upon the life of the primitive Indians has been emphasized, … because people without iron tools and beasts of burden, and without any cereal crops except corn, must respond to their environment very differently from civilized people of today.” -Preface

Indians of the High Plains: From the Prehistoric Period to the Coming of Europeans

Hyde, George E.
University of Oklahoma 1959        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The book is intended to give a coherent picture of Indian life on the high plains from 1300 to 1800. “It explores the whole of the High Plains area, dealing with many tribes. Thus the narrative shifts back and forth, all the way from the plains of western Canada to those of Texas and northern Mexico. From 1300 to 1700, the Apaches and their Navaho cousins have the pivotal roles, but with the decline of Apache power after 1700, the Comanches and their northern kinsmen, the Gens du Serpent or Snakes, come to the fore, until they in turn are broken or swept aside by others, notably the Blackfeet and the Sioux.” -Book jacket

Collected Books on Women’s History and Articles on Women’s History

Founders of America

How Indians Discovered the Land, Pioneered In It, and Created Great Classical Civilizations, How They Were Plunged into a Dark Age by Invasion and Conquest, and How They are Reviving

Jennings, Francis
Norton 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Jennings describes the experience of the first pioneers of the North American continent, who migrated from Siberia across what is now Beringia–nomadic people who traveled over the continents and islands of the Americas, establishing networks of trails and trade and adapting the land to human purposes. He tells of the rise of imperial city states in Mexico and Peru, and of the extension of cultures from Mexico into North America; he describes the multitude of cultures and societies created by the Native Americans, from simple kin-structured bands to immense and complex cities. Jennings shows that Europeans did not “discover” America; they invaded it and conquered its population. We grew up on history written from the point of view of the victor. Here now is the rest of the story, by the acknowledged dean of American Indian history. It is strong, eye-opening, and timely.” -Publisher

Shapers of the Great Debate on Native Americans; Land, Spirit, and Power; A Biographical Dictionary

Johansen, Bruce E.
Greenwood 2000        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Contrasting the views of Native Americans and European Americans, this book provides a fresh look at the rhetoric behind the westward movement of the American frontier. From George Armstrong Custer and Andrew Jackson to Helen Hunt Jackson, the volume gives the views of well-known Anglo-Americans and contrasts them with views of such well-known Native Americans as Metacom, Sitting Bull, Tecumseh, and Black Hawk. Organized around major subthemes regarding the land, who should own it, and what ownership means, the book traces the rhetoric of the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, then covers current issues in the words of Oren Lyons, Vine Deloria Jr., and Senator Slade Gorton… This book is the first to present and contract the views on both sides of the debate.” -Publisher

Famous Indian Chiefs

Their Battles, Treaties, Sieges, and Struggles with the Whites for the Possession of America

Johnston, Charles H.L.
Page 1909        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contents: Powhatan – Poechancanough – Sassacus and Uncas – Massasoit – King Philip, or Metacomet – Pontiac – Logan – Red Jacket, or Sa-go-ye-wat-ha – Captain Joseph Brant – Little Turtle, or Michikiniqua – Tecumseh – Weatherford – Black Hawk – Osceola – Roman Nose – Geronimo – Red Cloud – Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse

500 Nations: an Illustrated History of North American Indians

Josephy, Alvin M.
Knopf 1994        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The story of Native American leaders, customs, political systems, and ways of life, this is American history from the Native American perspective: friendship, betrayal, war, and ultimately, the loss of homeland. A companion volume to the CBS series produced by Kevin Costner, Jack Leustig, and James Wilson scheduled to air in 1995. Illustrations & photos.” -Publisher

Indian Heritage of America

Josephy, Alvin M.
Bantam 1968        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The best single volume yet produced for quick and comprehensive guidance to the whole panorama of the American Indian” – San Francisco Chronicle

Patriot Chiefs: A Chronicle of American Indian Resistance

Josephy, Alvin M.
Penguin 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Told through the life stories of nine Indian chiefs, this narrative depicts the American Indian effort to preserve a heritage and resist the changes brought by the white man. Hiawatha, King Philip, Popé, Pontiac, Tecumseh, Osceola, Black Hawk, Crazy Horse, and Chief Joseph each represent different tribal backgrounds, different times and places, and different aspects of Indian leadership. Soldiers, philosophers, orators, and statesmen, these leaders were the patriots of their people. Their heroic and tragic stories comprise an integral part of American history.” -Publisher

Red Power: The American Indians’ Fight for Freedom

Josephy, Alvin M.
University of Nebraska 1999        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Red Power is a classic documentary history of the American Indian activist movement. This landmark second edition considerably expands and updates the original, illustrating the development of American Indian political activism from the 1960s through the end of the twentieth century.
Included in the fifty selections are influential statements by Indian organizations and congressional committees, the texts of significant laws, and the articulate voices of individuals such as Clyde Warrior, Vine Deloria Jr., Dennis Banks, Wilma Mankiller, Ada Deer, and Russell Means. The selections are organized around key issues: the nature of the original Red Power protest; tribal identity, self-determination, and sovereignty; land claims and economic development; cultural traditions and spirituality; education; and reservation conditions.” -Publisher

Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian

Klein, Barry T.
Todd 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This standard sourcebook is divided into four sections. The first contains source listings of organizations, associations, government agencies, reservations and tribal councils, museum and library collections, Indian health services, Indian schools, university and college course offerings, financial aids, periodicals, and audio-visual materials. The second section is solely Canadian listings. The third is a bibliography of some 4,000 in-print books. The fourth section contains about 2,000 biographical sketches of prominent Native Americans as well as non-Indians active in Indian affairs or related fields. “Publisher

Pictorial History of the American Indian

LaFarge, Oliver
Crown 1956        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Profusely illustrated text discusses the history of North American Indians from prehistoric times to the present, with information on all aspects of Indian life, customs, and traditions.

In Red Man’s Land: A Study of the American Indian

Leupp, Francis E.
Revell 1914        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The author was a former U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

Contents: The aboriginal red man – The red man and the government – The red man and his white neighbor – The red man and our social order – Aborigines who are not red men – The red man as teacher and learner – Supplemental: “Missions to the red man,” by Rev. A.F. Beard, D.D.

We have a huge selection of fiction, including historical fiction, at Free Novels Online & Guides to Fiction

Concise Dictionary of Indian Tribes of North America

Leitch, Barbara
Reference Publications 1979        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contains entries for over 300 tribes.

The American Indian Frontier

MacLeod, William Christie
Knopf 1928        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Historians, as well as anthropologists and sociologists, may benefit from its chapters which should stimulate the reconstruction of many conventional narratives of the contacts between the whites and the Indians.” -Outlook magazine.

Native North American Biography Vol 1 (A-I)

Volume 2 (J-Z)

Malinowski, Sharon
UXL 1996        Dewey Dec.   970.11

This comprehensive reference features a range of historical and contemporary information on the life and culture of the native peoples of the US and Canada, including biographies and primary source materials.

U-X-L Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes (4 vols)

Malinowski, Sharon, et al, eds.
UXL 1999        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This informative set examines 80 cultural groups in 10 geographical regions. Following a consistent format, the entries detail the history, language, economy, notable members, religion, current issues, and other topics related to each tribe. Useful descriptions of architectural and clothing styles are included, and some black-and-white photographs, maps, and reproductions accompany the facts.” -Publisher

Notable Native Americans

Malinowski, Sharon, ed.
Gale Research 1985        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“A compilation of biographical and bibliographical information on more than 265 outstanding Native North American men and women throughout history. Each signed narrative essay covers a prominent individual from politics, law, journalism, science, medicine, religion, art and literature, athletics, education, or entertainment. The book includes includes a listing of entries according to tribal group or nation plus a listing of entries according to occupation or tribal roles.” -Publisher

Please visit our collection of 2,000+ selected online magazine and newspaper articles on 40+ subjects, plus online historical maps & vintage photo collections, at Century Past History Resources

Stranger in her Native Land: Alice Fletcher and the American Indians

Mark, Joan T.
University of Nebraska 1988        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Alice Fletcher (1838-1923) commanded respect from both friend and foe. She was the foremost woman anthropologist in the United States in the nineteenth century and instrumental in the adoption of the policy of severalty that dominated Indian affairs in the 1880s. This is the full and intimate story of a woman who, as she grew in understanding of Indian ways, came to recognize that she was the one who was alien, a stranger in her native land. Joan Mark recreates the long and active life of Alice Fletcher from diaries, correspondence, and other records, placing her achievements for the first time in a feminist perspective. Sustained by a sense of mission, Alice Fletcher challenged her society’s definition of what women could be and do.” -Publisher

American Epic; the Story of the American Indian

Marriott, Alice Lee and Rachlin, Carol K.
Putnam 1969        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Written with rare scholarship and felicity by two anthropologists, this book takes the reader into the Indian’s past, draws him into the rites, council fires, battles, and daily lives of the Sioux, Apache, Navaho, Cheyenne, and many others. Examining also the impact on them of such historical milestones a:, the Industrial Revolution and westward expansion, the authors dispel many erroneous notions, explain the state of the Indians today, and make dramatically clear the uncertainty of their tomorrow.” -Preface

American Indian and the Problem of History

Martin, Calvin
Oxford University 1987        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“North American Indians have traditionally held conceptions of history, time and the universe that are vastly different from those of European civilizations. How, then, can Western historians begin to write accurately and without bias about societies who shunned “history” and who performed in our Western vision and errand of history only through coercion? Here, eighteen prominent authors wrestle with the phenomenon that in writing about Indian-white relations they are perforce trying to mesh two fundamentally different world-views. In pieces written expressly for this volume, the contributors–who include a cross-section of historians, anthropologists, professional writers, and native Americans–cover such diverse topics as cultural pluralism and ethnocentrism, native American dancing and ritual, the experiences of native American women, and attitudes toward the environment.” -Publisher

The Dispossession of the American Indian, 1887-1934

McDonnell, Janet A.
Indiana University 1991        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Land, traditionally the most important issue in Indian-white relations, has been the focus of federal Indian policy. Federal Indian land policy has historically reflected our fundamental assumptions about what Indians should be and do and how they should fit into American society. Each aspect—allotment leases, sales, and fee part of a general process aimed at “freeing” Indians from government control. I have not attempted to present an exhaustive study of land policy but rather to describe and analyze the formulation, implementation, and effects of certain major aspects of it. Because of the nature of the research materials available, I have focused on the government’s administration of land policy rather than the Indian response.” -Author’s Preface

Contents: Allotment: the land divided — Allotment: policy implementation — Putting the land to work: Indian farming and stockraising — Leasing: a policy unfolds — Leasing: problems and abuses — Land and water: Federal irrigation projects on Indian Reservations — Fee patents and competency commissions — Declaration of policy — Making amends: fee patients, 1921-1934.

My Friend the Indian

McLaughlin, James
Houghton Mifflin 1910        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The author was the U.S. Indian Inspector, and previously Indian agent to the Sioux at Devils Lake and Standing Rock agencies, North Dakota. For 38 years he lived among or had official dealings with Indians. Many of the stories and incidents related here were from his own experience, and others were told him by Indians.

The lives of many historical figures are covered in books on our Biography Page

Search for the First Americans

Meltzer, David J.
Smithsonian 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Written by leading scholars, each book in this series provides an up-to-date assessment of a particular area of the ancient world. Abundantly illustrated in full color, the series places readers at the cutting edge of modern archaeological thinking.
Summarizing the archaeological debate over when the New World was first peopled, Meltzer describes discoveries at controversial sites and the development of Native American cultures until the arrival of Europeans.” -Publisher

Dancing on Common Ground

Meredith, Howard L.
University Press of Kansas 1995        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Dance, a vital expression of community and spirituality for Native Americans, has been the traditional metaphor for resolving conflict among Southern Plains tribes. The Wichita, Caddo, Comanche, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Apache, Arapaho, Delaware, and others brought together by choice or adversity have achieved harmonious coexistence through imagination, mythology, art, dance, commerce, and conservation.” -Publisher

Native American Testimony

A Chronicle of Indian-white Relations from Prophecy to the Present, 1492-2000

Nabokov, Peter
Penguin 1999        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“A collection of primary source material, grouped by key issues that arose during 500 years of Indian and white encounters in North America. Nabokov uses traditional narratives, old government transcripts, reservation newspapers and firsthand interviews to highlight the chronological volume. Photographs appear throughout.” SLJ

North American Indian Wars

Nardo, Don
Greenhaven 1999        Dewey Dec.   970.11

This anthology of essays covers the major themes & conflicts of the wars that ended in the defeat & devastation of America’s Native American population.

Contents: Different cultures with different visions: Cultural differences lead to misconceptions and conflict / Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. — Why White Americans had difficulty understanding Indian religion / George E. Tinker — Less advanced economy and technology placed Indians at a disadvantage / Arrell M. Gibson — Manifest destiny: The U.S. vision of expansion / James W. Davidson et al. — Indian unity: a lost chance for survival / Richard White — CRUCIAL Confrontations between indians and whites: The first battles between the United States and the Indians / John Tebbel and Keith Jennison — A last gamble against steep odds: the Black Hawk War / Robert M. Utley and Wilcomb E. Washburn — Custer and the conquest of the Sioux / Royal B. Hassrick — The tragic flight of the Nez Perce / J. Jay Myers — U.S. subjugatiion of the Apache and Navajo / Edward H. Spicer — The Ghost Dance and Wounded Knee Massacre / Dee Brown — Disastrous impact of white conquest: Whites exploited native cultures and natural resources / Wilber R. Jacobs — The tactics and impact of Indian removal and relocation / Peter Farb — Slaughter of the Buffalo, livelihood of the Plains tribes / Stephen Longstreet — Indian cultures decimated by alcoholism and disease / Brian W. Dippie — White efforts to Christianize Native Americans / Robert F. Berkhofer — Epilogue: legacy of the indian wars: Assimilation versus self-determination: American Indians in the Twentieth Century / Carl Waldman

Native Americans: A Resource Guide

Nauta, Laura R. and Evans, Shirley King, comp.
National Agricultural Library 1992        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Published under the auspuices of the National Agricultural Library’s Equal Employment Opportunity Special Emphasis Programs in observance of Native American Heritage Month, November 1992.”

Contents: Part 1: Bibliography: Agricultural techniques and ethnobotany – Culture and Socioeconomics – Food and nutrition – Government relations and history. Part 2: Directory of Native American Organizations. Part 3: Colleges and Universities: Bureau of Indian Affairs controlled college – Colleges and universities offering specialized studies – Tribally controlled community colleges. Part 4: Sources for general information.

The Best of the Athletic Boys: The White Man’s Impact on Jim Thorpe

Newcombe, Jack
Doubleday 1975        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The story began in 1887, soon after the Sac and Fox removal to Oklahoma Territory, when Jim Thorpe was born in an Indian cabin on the North Canadian River. It ended in 1953 when he was buried in the newly named Pennsylvania town of Jim Thorpe—a place as alien to the famous athlete’s spirit as his entire career had been to the Indian heritage from which he sprang. In between is a narrative of triumph and tragedy in which the American Indian is shown once again, even in victory, to be the white man’s victim.” -Book jacket

Traits of American-Indian Life and Character

Ogden, Peter S.
Smith, Elder 1853        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The author was a chief factor (i.e. fur trader) of the Hudson’s Bay Company in British Columbia and Washington, 1835-1854.

Contents: Experience of the Indian character – The Red Feather, Flathead chief – The burial of the dead and the living – An Indian festival – A tale of Western Caledonia – The bloody tragedy – The burning of the dead – Intermittent fever – A Western Caledonian feast – The Great Dalles of the Columbia – The unfortunate daughter – The Shewappe murderer – The storm, the mother’s grave – The suicide’s cross – The death of our favorite donkey – The London packet

Indians of the Americas: Human Rights and Self Determination

Ortiz, Roxanne D.
Praeger 1984        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Concerned with American Indian self-determination, this book proposes that international human rights and the international political system are the means whereby the political aspects of Indian self-determination in the Americas — both North and South — must be achieved. The first half of the book deals with the legal and political status of Indian peoples, that is, self-determination and human rights in law and principle; the second half comprises two case studies, one on Indians in the United States, the other on the Miskitu nation in revolutionary Nicaragua.” -Book cover

The Men of the Last Frontier

Owl, Grey
Country Life 1939        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The author was half-Scot, half-Apache, and was raised in the American southwest. As a young man he moved to Canada and followed the life of a ‘bush Indian’, trapping, fire-ranging and guiding. After overseas service in WWI he returned to the Canadian woods, working on preservation of the beaver. This book is a collection of essays, written in his spare time in the woods.

Contents: The vanguard – The land of shadows – The trail – The still-hunt – On being lost – The fall of the leaf – The tale of the beaver people – The altar of Mammon – The house of McGinnis – The trail of two sunsets

American Indian Life, by Several of Its Students

Parsons, Elsie C., ed.
Viking 1925        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Collected essays by anthropologists on Native American life, in eight sections: plains tribes, tribes of the middle west, eastern tribes, tribes of the south-west, Mexican tribes, Pacific coast tribes, northern Athabascan tribes, and Eskimo.

Books on African American history and slavery in the U.S. at History of African Americans

Indian-White Relations in the United States: A Bibliography of Works Published 1975-1980

Prucha, Francis P.
University of Nebraska 1982        Dewey Dec.   970.11

A 140-page bibliography of published works, organized under 15 general headings and numerous sub-headings.

Indians in American Society from the Revolutionary War to the Present

Prucha, Francis Paul
University of California 1985        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“While the unique legal status of American Indians rests on the historical treaty relationship between Indian tribes and the federal government, until now there has been no comprehensive history of these treaties and their role in American life. Francis Paul Prucha, a leading authority on the history of American Indian affairs, argues that the treaties were a political anomaly from the very beginning. The term “treaty” implies a contract between sovereign independent nations, yet Indians were always in a position of inequality and dependence as negotiators, a fact that complicates their current attempts to regain their rights and tribal sovereignty. Prucha’s impeccably researched book, based on a close analysis of every treaty, makes possible a thorough understanding of a legal dilemma whose legacy is so palpably felt today.” -Publisher

The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian

Radin, Paul
University of California 1920        Dewey Dec.   970.11

University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. “Edited with explanatory notes. A middle-aged WInnebago who belongs to a prominent family of the tribe and has had typical experiences, relates them in considerable detail and with great candor…”

Native North American Almanac (vol 2)

Rose, Cynthia
UXL 1994        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Native North American Almanac features a comprehensive range of historical and current information on the life and culture of the Native peoples of the United States and Canada. Organized into 24 subject chapters, including major culture areas, activism, and religion, the volumes contain more than two hundred black-and-white photographs and maps, a glossary of terms used throughout the text, and a cumulative subject index.” Volume 1 is not available online.

Contents: Religion – Native economics – Native North American languages – Native American education – Native American health – Native Americans and the environment – Art – Native American literature – Media – Activism: Native peoples protest loss of lands and rights

Indians of New England: A Critical Bibliography

Salisbury, Neal
Indiana University 1982        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contents: Bibliographical essay — Tribal and regional histories — Before Europeans — Pre-settlement contacts, 1500-1620 — The decline of Indian autonomy: the colonial period — The subjugation of the southern bands — The northern frontier — Indians and America’s revolution — Tribal enclaves in a liberal republic, 1800-1945 — A new politics.

Online Collections of Vintage Photos & Images of the U.S. & Canada

Indians Today

Seymour, Flora W.
Sanborn1927         Dewey Dec.   970.11

Flora Warren Seymour (1888-1948) was a lawyer, admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1916. She worked for the U.S. Indian Service for a time, and became the first woman member of the Board of Indian Commissioners in 1922. She said she wrote this book for a juvenile audience because there were few books available that “makes the reader acquainted with the Indian as he is at the present day.”

The Story of the Red Man

Seymour, Flora Warren
Longmans, Green 1929        Dewey Dec.   970.11

See the brief note at Seymour’s other book on this page, ‘Indians Today’. This work was written afterward for a somewhat more mature audience, and dealt with both the history and the present (1920s) condition of the Indian.

Mound Builders of Ancient America; The Archaeology of a Myth

Silverberg, Robert
New York Graphic Society 1968        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Our forebears, finding large, incomprehensible earthworks scattered down the Mississippi Valley, refused to believe they were built by the aborigines who still cluttered up the place and impeded settlement. Mr. Silverberg describes, with gleeful and copious quotation, the nineteenth-century literature of speculation which attributed these monuments to the Phoenicians, stray Vikings, the lost tribes of Israel, refugees from Atlantis, an extinct race of giants, and Welshmen. The book, which is charmingly written, ends with a history of the archeological work which gave the mounds back to the Indians.” -The Atlantic Monthly

Contents: The discovery of the mounds – The making of the myth – The triumph of the myth – The great debate – The deflation of the myth – The honored dead: Adena and Hopewell – The Temple Mound people

The Archaeology of North America

Snow, Dean R.
Viking 1976        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Surveys the lifeways and cultural achievements and traditions of the prehistoric peoples of the great regions of North America, as we know of them from archaeological finds and research.

Contents: The eastern woodlands – The great plains – The desert west – The far west – The arctic and subarctic – Chronologies

Warpaths; Invasions of North America

Steele, Ian Kenneth
Oxford University 1994        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Provides a sweeping history of the numerous European invasions of North America, painting a dramatic new portrait of the centuries of warfare that shook the continent. Destroys the old image of technologically advanced Europeans overrunning primitive savages. Reveals how the Amerindians rose to the challenge of each successive invasion with martial and diplomatic skill.” -Publisher

Contents: 1. Arms in Arcadia, 1513-1565 — I. Bases for Invasion, 1565-1684. 2. Spanish San Agustin, 1565-1672. 3. English Jamestown and the Powhatan, 1607-1677. 4. French Quebec, 1608-1682. 5. Plymouth, New England, and the Wampanoag, 1620-1677. 6. Dutch Fort Orange (Albany) and the Five Nations, 1624-1684 — II. Colonies and Tribes, 1687-1748. 7. Establishing Patterns, 1687-1701. 8. Recurring Patterns, 1702-1748 — III. Empires, Colonies, and Tribes, 1748-1765. 9. Invading the Ohio, 1748-1755. 10. Vaudreuil’s Offensive, 1756-1757. 11. The British Imperial Victory, 1758-1763. 12. Different Drummers, 1759-1765.

Collected books on global history, civilization and the British Empire at World History

The Indian Tribes of North America

Swanton, John R.
Govt Printing Office 1953        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 145. Chapter headings are state names, so each state chapter contains information about Indians that have resided there.

The Indians of North America in Historic Times

Thomas, Cyrus
Barrie 1903        Dewey Dec.   970.11

A volume in a series “The History of North America”. The author was an archaeologist in the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Native Americans: An Illustrated History

Thomas, David Hurst
Turner 1993        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Dispossessed of their ancestral homelands by successive invasions of Europeans, the first real Americans have long been cloaked in a veil of myth and legend that has hidden from us the true richness and diversity of Indian civilizations and cultures. This newly unfolding legacy represents an unparalleled body of untapped wisdom, which even now provides fresh perspectives on very modern problems. The astonishing reality of Indian history, presented here for the first time from the perspective of native Americans, will deepen our understanding of what it really means to be an American. Spanning a thousand generations, from the time Ice Age man first set foot on this continent to the present, and beautifully written by five well-known authorities on Indian history and culture, this volume is lavishly illustrated with photographs, maps, and, the work of both historic and contemporary artists.” -Publisher

Winds of Renewal

Time-Life Books 1996        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The story of the American Indians is to a large extent an epic of survival against crushing odds. Ever since Columbus first stepped ashore, Native Americans have suffered mightily at the hands of newcomers to the continent who seized their lands, transmitted killing diseases, made war on them, and herded them into isolated and inadequate reservations.” -Publisher. Numerous photos.

Contents:Into America’s mainstream — The rise of Red Power — In pursuit of sovereignty — Essays: – A journey of recovery — The quest to reclaim lost sacred domains — Architecture based on tradition — Return of the Buffalo Nation.

Use of the American Indian in American Literature to 1890, With Reference to the Eastern States

Toomey, Mary F.
Unpublished 1941        Dewey Dec.   970.11

This 1941 M.A. thesis shows how Indians were portrayed in American literature in the 18th and 19th centuries in much of the eastern U.S.

Everything you Wanted to Know about Indians but were Afraid to Ask

Treuer, Anton
Borealis 2012        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“More than one hundred stereotype-debunking questions – thoughtful, awkward, and searching – answered with solid information, humor, and compassion.” -Publisher

Indian Land Areas Judicially Established 1978 and American Indian Reservations

U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs
U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs 2015

Zoom in to at least 100%. All American Indian lands in the 48 states are shown and identified by number. A table at the lower left lists all tribes associated with land areas on the map, and a table on the right side lists all federally recognized tribal entities for which no reservation exists.

American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States

American Indians and Alaska Natives in Alaska

U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau 2011

These large maps, produced by the U.S. Census Bureau from 2010 census data, shows the location of American Indian lands throughout the U.S. The first link shows the 48 states, and the second is for Alaska only. Inset charts show the populations of the ten largest tribal groupings.

The Indian Frontier of the American West, 1846-1890

Utley, Robert M.
University of New Mexico 1984        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“The dramatic events of the final half-century of conflict between Indians and whites in the American West are presented here as a history of two peoples seemingly destined never to understand each other. Utley interprets this conflict from a dual perspective: recreating events from the Indian viewpoint while also providing an objective appraisal of why the nineteenth-century white man acted as he did. This evenhanded approach to a tragic period of American history results in a memorable study of impressive scope and penetrating insight.
Robert M. Utley is former Chief Historian and Assistant Director of the National Park Service and the author of many books and articles on the Indian and the army in the West.” -Book cover

Contents: The Indian West at midcentury — Foundations of a new Indian policy, 1846-1860 — When the white people fought each other, 1861-1865 — War and peace : Indian relations in transition, 1865-1869 — Grant’s peace policy, 1869-1876 — Wars of the peace policy, 1869-1886 — The vision of reformers, 1865-1890 — The reservation, 1880-1890 — The passing of the frontier, 1890.

Indian Wars

Utley, Robert M. and Washburn, Wilcomb E.
Houghton Mifflin 1987        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“An account of the misunderstandings and treacheries that resulted in violence between Indians and white men in the four hundred years following Columbus’s arrival in the New World.” -Publisher

Contents: Opening guns — A new Golgotha — War in the forest — A time of rebellion — Finale in the East — Before the deluge — The Whites move in — Bloody roundup — Fire on the Plains — The closing circle — The final volley.

Indian Oratory; Famous Speeches by Noted Indian Chieftains

Vanderwerth, W.C., comp.
University of Oklahoma 1971        Dewey Dec.   970.11

Contents: Teedyuscung, Delaware – Pontiac, Ottawa – Cornplanter, Seneca – Red Jacket, Seneca – Joseph Brant, Mohawk – Little Turtle, Miami

Atlas of the North American Indian

Waldman, Carl
Facts On File 2000        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“Organized topically, the text combines excellent maps with essays on such subjects as Indian wars, life-styles, and contact with early explorers … The concluding section on contemporary Indians is equally perceptive, as Waldman traces the process of assimilation, discusses social conditions, and identifies what he considers to be an Indian cultural renewal now under way.” – Booklist

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Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes

Waldman, Carl
Facts on File 1999        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“This comprehensive guide examines the more than 150 tribes in North America as well as prehistoric peoples and civilizations. Organized alphabetically by tribe or group, the book summarizes the historical record—such as locations, migrations, contacts with non-Indians, wars—and includes present-day tribal status. Traditional Indian lifeways, such as language, clothing, houses, transportation, tools, arts, legends, and rituals are highlighted. Culture areas—geographic regions where various Indian peoples had lifeways are common—are used to further organize information and present it in an understandable way to readers.” -Publisher

Blood Struggle: The Rise of Modern Indian Nations

Wilkinson, Charles F.
Norton 2005        Dewey Dec.   970.11

“For generations, Indian people suffered a grinding poverty and political and cultural suppression on the reservations. But tenacious and visionary tribal leaders refused to give in. They knew their rights and insisted that the treaties be honored. Against all odds, beginning shortly after World War II, they began to succeed. Blood Struggle explores how Indian tribes took their hard-earned sovereignty and put it to work for Indian peoples and the perpetuation of Indian culture. This is the story of wrongs righted and noble ideals upheld: the modern tribal sovereignty movement deserves to be spoken of in the same breath as the civil rights, environmental, and women’s movements.” -Publisher

Contents: Introduction — pt. 1. Abyss — 1. Indian country : August 1953 — 2. The deadening years — 3. Termination — pt. 2. Last stand — 4. The making of a movement — 5. Leadership on the reservations — 6. Red power — 7. The salmon people — pt. 3. Foundations for self-determination — 8. Turning points — 9. Reclaiming heartlands — 10. Sovereignty in Congress and the courts — pt. 4. Reviving the homelands — 11. Revitalizing tribal communities — 12. Stewards of the land — 13. Casino lights and the quandary of Indian economic progress — 14. Preserving the old ways — Coda : The outlook — Notes — Appendices — A. State and federally recognized tribes — B. Largest landholding tribes — C. Most populous tribes

The American Indian

An Introduction to the Anthropology of the New World

Wissler, Clark
Oxford University 1922        Dewey Dec.   970.11

The author was curator of anthropology in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City.

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