The History of Canada – Canadian History – New France

Free online books on the History of Canada. New France, under British rule, Canada since independence, politics and governance, Provinces, First Peoples, fur trade, Hudson’s Bay Company, History of Quebec


Century Past Library



Also see Canada Historical Society Publications

History of Canada Collection

More than 4,000 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “History of Canada”. Be patient as the page loads.

History of Canada to 1763 Collection

More than 100 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Canada – History – to 1763 (New France)”. Be patient as the page loads.

Canada Politics and Government since 1980 Collection

About 100 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Canada – Politics and Government – 1980-“. Be patient as the page loads.

The Prairie Provinces of Canada; Their History, People, Commerce, Industries, and Resources

Boam, Henry J., comp.
Sells 1914        Dewey Dec.    971

Chapters on numerous topics by a variety of authors. Heavily illustrated with photos.

Twentieth Century Impressions of Canada; Its History, People, Commerce, Industries, and Resources

Boam, Henry J., comp.
Sells 1914        Dewey Dec.    971

Similar to Boam’s The Prairie Provinces of Canada. Chapters by many authors, and numerous photo collages.

Please see our 10 webpages of American History Books with hundreds of free online books.

A Traveller’s History of Canada

Bothwell, Robert
Cassell 2001        Dewey Dec.    971

Canada Under British Rule 1760-1905

Bourinot, Sir John G.
Cambridge University 1909        Dewey Dec.    971

A volume in the “Cambridge Historical Series” edited by G. W. Prothero.

Evolution of French Canada

Bracq, Jean Charlemagne
Macmillan 1924        Dewey Dec.    971

“This is a study of the French in Canada by a Frenchman. The author treats of the theocratic formation of French Canada, of early British rule, the uprising of 1837, of Cartier and Laurier and the Quebec government. He gives an interesting account of the achievements of French Canada and describes present conditions in agriculture, education, literature and art.”
– Review of Reviews
“The description of development, whether political or economic, is so disconnected that it affords little insight into the actual course of history. A wide range of material has been used, though not at all times with sound judgment.”
– American Economic Review
There is a bibliography at the end listing over 300 books.

Self-Government in Canada, and How it was Achieved

The Story of Lord Durham’s Report

Bradshaw, Frederick
King 1903        Dewey Dec.    971


Canada, a Modern History

Brebner, John Bartlet
University of Michigan 1970        Dewey Dec.    971

The Illustrated History of Canada

Brown, Craig, ed.
Key Porter 2002        Dewey Dec.    971

When two worlds met / Arthur Ray — Colonization and conflict : New France and its rivals, 1600-1760 / Christopher Moore — On the margins of empire, 1760-1840 / Graeme Wynn — Between three oceans : challenges of a continental destiny, 1840-1900 / Peter Waite — The triumph and trials of materialism, 1900-1945 / Ramsay Cook — Strains of affluence, 1945-2000 / Desmond Morton

A Short History of the Canadian People

Bryce, George
Sampson Low, Marston 1914        Dewey Dec.    971

A comprehensive, brief history of Canada, which includes a summary of the physical aspects of the country and a discussion of its resources, education, literature, art, etc.
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History and Travel (1929)

The Peoples of Canada: a Pre-Confederation History

Bumstead, J.M.
Oxford University 2010        Dewey Dec.    971

pt. I. To 1763 — Peoples of Early British North America — Contacts and Encounters — Early European Approaches — Atlantic Region to 1670 — Canada to 1663 — Canada, 1663-1763: Government, Military, Economy — Canada, 1663-1763: Population, Society, Culture — Peripheries of the Empires, 1670-1760 — Century of Conflict — Writing about Aboriginal Peoples’ History — pt. II. 1780-1840 — Expansion and Contraction of British North America, 1760-1782 — Loyalties and Loyalists, 1775-1791 — Colonial Politics, War, and Rebellion, 1791-1840 — Peopling British North America, 1790-1840 — Colonial Economy, 1791-1840 — Colonial Society and Culture, 1781-1840 — Writing about Women’s History — pt. III. 1840-187 — Political and Administrative Reform, 1840-1860 — Reorientation: British North America and the Empire after 1840 — Reorientation: British North America and the American Continent after 1840 — West and the North, 1840-1870 — Early Victorian Society, 1840-1870 — Education and Communications, 1840-1870 — Early Victorian Culture, 1840-1870 — Industrialization, 1850-1870 — Unification, 1862-1867 — Writing about British North America and the British Empire

Canada: a National History

Conrad, Margaret and Finkel, Alvin
Longman 2003        Dewey Dec.    971

Documenting Canada: a History of Modern Canada in Documents

De Brou, Dave and Waiser, Bill, eds.
Fifth House 1992        Dewey Dec.    971

Please visit our Century Past Free Online Library, with thousands of books to read online or download

Journeys: a History of Canada

Francis, R.D. et al.
Thomson Nelson 2006        Dewey Dec.    971

The Invention of Canada: Readings in Pre-Confederation History

Gaffield, Chad
Copp Clark Longman 1994        Dewey Dec.    971

Constructing Modern Canada: Readings in Post-Confederation History

Gaffield, Chad
Copp Clark Longman 1994        Dewey Dec.    971

Canada: A People’s History

Gillmor, Don and Turgeon, Pierre
McClelland & Stewart 2000        Dewey Dec.    971

Frontiers and the Fur Trade

Greenbie, Sydney
John Day 1929        Dewey Dec.    971

“First the geographical and then the historical background of fur trading and fishing in America is sketched in, followed by an account of these trapping and fishing interests and their part in American history.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History and Travel (1929)

Online Collections of Historical Maps of North America

Trailmakers of the Northwest

Haworth, Paul Leland
Harcourt, Brace 1921        Dewey Dec.    971

“Interesting account of the exploration and settlement of the Northwest, with a chapter on trappers and prospectors of today. Based on source writers and author’s own travels. Includes map, photographs, and list of books for further reading.”
– NY State Library
“He has produced a fascinating narrative for those who have not the opportunity to consult the original sources, a book far more exciting and more real, it might be remarked, than most of the red-blooded fiction that purports to deal with that part of our continent.”
– Literary Review

A Short History of Indians in Canada: Stories

King, Thomas
HarperPerennial 2006        Dewey Dec.    971

The First English Conquest of Canada

With some Account of the Earliest Settlements in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland

Kirke, Henry
Sampson Low, Marston 1908        Dewey Dec.    971


The Conquest of the Great Northwest

Being the Story of the Adventurers of England known as The Hudson’s Bay Company

Laut, Agnes C.
Moffat, Yard 1914        Dewey Dec.    971

“Both author and publisher are to be congratulated on a most important and careful work, which is yet alive with human sympathy and full of vivid character drawing.”
– N.Y. Times
Illustrated by photographs, maps and diagrams

Western Canada: an Outline History

Lower, J. Arthur
Douglas & McIntyre 1983        Dewey Dec.    971

Collected Books on Women’s History and Articles on Women’s History

History of Canada; Part 1: To 1763 (New France)

Lucas, Charles Prestwood
Oxford 1901        Dewey Dec.    971

Scholarly study.

A History of Canada 1763-1812

Lucas, Charles Prestwood
Oxford 1909        Dewey Dec.    971

Scholarly study.

Canada, an Economic History

Marr, William L. and Paterson, Donald G.
Gage 1980        Dewey Dec.    971

The Pelican History of Canada

McNaught, Kenneth
Penguin 1982        Dewey Dec.    971

Old Quebec; The Fortress of New France

Parker, Gilbert and Bryan, Claude G.
Macmillan 1903        Dewey Dec.    971

“A popularly written, interesting account of the historic events connected with Quebec from the days of discovery to the 20th century.”
– Standard Catalog for Public Libraries: History and Travel (1929)

Selected Articles about the History of the British Empire

Evolution of the Dominion of Canada; Its Government and Its Politics

Porritt, Edward
World Book 1920        Dewey Dec.    971

One of a series of college textbooks called “Government Handbooks”.
“This work deals informatively with the area, physical features, and population of Canada, the influences which brought about confederation, the distribution of powers between the Dominion and provincial governments, the national policy of the Dominion, and other subjects.”
– Athenaeum
“He is particularly good when dealing, as he does at some length, with the British background of Canadian history, with the imperial significance of Canadian development, and with the influence of the United States on Canada.”
– American Historical Review

A Brief History of Canada

Riendeau, Roger E.
Facts on File 2000        Dewey Dec.    971

British Columbia; From the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol 1

Volume 2  Volume 3  Volume 4

Scholefield, E. O. S. and Howay, Frederick William
S. J. Clarke 1914        Dewey Dec.    971

Volumes 1, 3 and 4 are by Scholefield, and Volume 2 is by Howay. The first two volumes are history, and Volumes 3 and 4 are biographical.

The Makers of Canada, Vol 1 (21 volumes)

Volume 2  Volume 3  Volume 4  Volume 5  Volume 6

Volume 7  Volume 8  Volume 9  Volume 10  Volume 11

Volume 12  Volume 13  Volume 14  Volume 15  Volume 16

Volume 17  Volume 18  Volume 19  Volume 20  Volume 21

Scott, Duncan Campbell, and Edgar, O. Pelham, eds.
Toronto: Morang 1903-1911        Dewey Dec.    971

This series was designed to present a history of Canada through a study of its major figures. Volumes are:

Vol 1. Dionne, N. E., Champlain
Vol 2. Brumath, Adrian Leblond de, Bishop Laval
Vol 3. Le Sueur, William D., Count Frontenac
Vol 4. Casgrain, Abbe Henri Raymond, Wolfe and Montcalm
Vol 5. Bradley, A. G., Lord Dorchester
Vol 6. McIlwraith, Jean N., Sir Frederick Haldimand
Vol 7. Scott, Duncan Campbell, John Graves Simcoe
Vol 8. Bryce, Rev. George, Mackenzie, Selkirk, Simpson
Vol 9. Edgar, Lady, General Brock
Vol 10. DeCelles, Alfred D., Papineau Cartier
Vol 11. Lindsey, Charles, William Lyon Mackenzie
Vol 12. Longley, J. W., Joseph Howe
Vol 13. Burwash, Nathaniel, Egerton Ryerson
Vol 14. Leacock, Stephen, Baldwin, LaFontaine, Hincks; Responsible Government
Vol 15. Shortt, Adam, Lord Sydenham
Vol 16. Bourinot, Sir George, Lord Elgin
Vol 17. Hannay, James, Wilmot and Tilley
Vol 18. Parkin, George R., Sir John A. MacDonald
Vol 19. Lewis, John, George Brown
Vol 20. Coats, Robert Hamilton and Gosnell, R. E., Sir James Douglas
Vol 21. Burbee, Lawrence J. and Doughty, Arthur G., eds., Index and Dictionary of Canadian History

Canada and Its Provinces: A History of the Canadian People and Their Institutions by One Hundred Associates, Vol 1 (23 volumes)

Volume 2  Volume 3  Volume 4  Volume 5  Volume 6

Volume 7  Volume 8  Volume 9  Volume 10  Volume 11

Volume 12  Volume 13  Volume 14  Volume 15  Volume 16

Volume 17  Volume 18  Volume 19  Volume 20  Volume 21

Volume 22  Volume 23

Shortt, Adam and Doughty, Arthur G., eds.
Toronto: Publishers’ Association of Canada 1913-1917        Dewey Dec.    971

This series was the most comprehensive study of Canadian historical and political development to appear before 1918. Every volume had several authors, to cover the subject matter within their area of expertise. Volume titles are:

Vol 1. New France Part I
Vol 2. New France 1534-1760 Part II
Vol 3. British Dominion 1760-1840 Part I
Vol 4. British Dominion 1760-1840 Part II
Vol 5. United Canada
Vol 6. The Dominion; Political Evolution Part I
Vol 7. The Dominion; Political Evolution Part II
Vol 8. The Dominion; Political Evolution Part III
Vol 9. The Dominion; Industrial Expansion Part I
Vol 10. The Dominion; Industrial Expansion Part II
Vol 11. The Dominion; Missions; Arts and Letters Part I
Vol 12. The Dominion; Missions; Arts and Letters Part II
Vol 13. The Atlantic Provinces Part I
Vol 14. The Atlantic Provinces Part II
Vol 15. The Province of Quebec Part I
Vol 16. The Province of Quebec Part II
Vol 17. The Province of Ontario Part I
Vol 18. The Province of Ontario Part II
Vol 19. The Prairie Provinces Part I
Vol 20. The Prairie Provinces Part II
Vol 21. The Pacific Province Part I
Vol 22. The Pacific Province Part II
Vol 23. General Index, Manuscript Sources, Bibliography, Chronological Outlines, Historical Tables

The lives of many historical figures are covered in books on our Biography Page

The Canadian Dominion; A Chronicle of our Northern Neighbor

Skelton, Oscar D.
Yale University 1920        Dewey Dec.    971


The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610-1791 (71 volumes)

Thwaites, Reuben G.
Cleveland: Burrows 1899

These are translations of the original Jesuit records for all of New France. The Introduction in volume 1, by Wisconsin Historical Society President Reuben Gold Thwaites, provides the background on the Jesuit Relations and discusses the many missions established by the Jesuits.

Canadian History; A Syllabus and Guide to Reading

Trotter, Reginald George
Macmillan 1926 Dewey Dec. 971

Canada and the Canadians

Woodcock, George
Oxford University 1970        Dewey Dec.    971

Chronicles of Canada Vol 1 (32 volumes)

Volume 2  Volume 3  Volume 4  Volume 5  Volume 6

Volume 7  Volume 8  Volume 9  Volume 10  Volume 11

Volume 12  Volume 13  Volume 14  Volume 15  Volume 16

Volume 17  Volume 18  Volume 19  Volume 20  Volume 21

Volume 22  Volume 23  Volume 24  Volume 25  Volume 26

Volume 27  Volume 28  Volume 29  Volume 30  Volume 31  Volume 32

Volume 1 Audio  Volume 2 Audio  Volume 3 Audio  Volume 4 Audio

Volume 5 Audio  Volume 6 Audio  Volume 7 Audio  Volume 8 Audio

Volume 9 Audio  Volume 10 Audio  Volume 11 Audio  Volume 12 Audio

Volume 13 Audio  Volume 14 Audio  Volume 15 Audio  Volume 16 Audio

Volume 17 Audio  Volume 18 Audio  Volume 19 Audio  Volume 20 Audio

Volume 21 Audio  Volume 22 Audio  Volume 23 Audio  Volume 24 Audio – Not Found

Volume 25 Audio Not Found  Volume 26 Audio  Volume 27 Audio  Volume 28 Audio

Volume 29 Audio  Volume 30 Audio  Volume 31 Audio  Volume 32 Audio

Wrong, George M. & Langton, H.H., eds.
Toronto: Glasgow 1914-1916        Dewey Dec.    971

The series, The Chronicles of Canada, edited by George M. Wrong and H. H. Langton of the University of Toronto, was described by the publisher as, “A series of thirty-two freshly-written narratives for popular reading, designed to set forth in historic continuity the principal events and movements in Canada to the outbreak of the World War.” The volumes, published between 1914 and 1916, are each about 110-120 pages in length and end with a “Bibliographical Note” and index. Online audio books were also found for most volumes.

Parts, authors and volume titles are:

Part I – The First European Visitors
Vol 1. Leacock, Stephen, The Dawn of Canadian History; A Chronicle of Aboriginal Canada
Vol 2. Leacock, Stephen, The Mariner of St. Malo; A Chronicle of the Voyages of Jacques Cartier

Part II – The Rise of New France
Vol 3. Colby, Charles W., The Founder of New France; A Chronicle of Champlain
Vol 4. Marquis, Thomas Guthrie, The Jesuit Missions; A Chronicle of the Cross in the Wilderness
Vol 5. Munro, William Bennett, The Seigneurs of Old Canada; A Chronicle of New World Feudalism
Vol 6. Chapais, Thomas, The Great intendant; A Chronicle of Jean Talon in Canada 1665-1672
Vol 7. Colby, Charles W., The Fighting Governor; A Chronicle of Frontenac

Part III – The English Invasion
Vol 8. Wood, William, The Great Fortress; A Chronicle of Louisbourg 1720-1760
Vol 9. Doughty, Arthur G., The Acadian Exiles; A Chronicle of the Land of Evangeline
Vol 10. Wood, William, The Passing of New France; A Chronicle of Montcalm
Vol 11. Wood, William, The Winning of Canada; A Chronicle of Wolfe

Part IV – The Beginnings of British Canada
Vol 12. Wood, William, The Father of British Canada; A Chronicle of Carleton
Vol 13. Wallace, W. Stewart, The United Empire Loyalists; A Chronicle of the Great Migration
Vol 14. Wood, William, The War with the United States; A Chronicle of 1812

Part V – The Red Man in Canada
Vol 15. Marquis, Thomas Guthrie, The War Chief of the Ottawas; A Chronicle of the Pontiac War
Vol 16. Wood, Louis Aubrey, The War Chief of the Six Nations; A Chronicle of Joseph Brant
Vol 17. Raymond, Ethel T., Tecumseh; A Chronicle of the Last Great Leader of his People

Part VI – Pioneers of the North and West
Vol 18. Laut, Agnes Christina, The ‘Adventurers of England’ on Hudson Bay; A Chronicle of the Fur Trade in the North
Vol 19. Burpee, Lawrence J., Pathfinders of the Great Plains; A Chronicle of La Verendrye and his Sons
Vol. 20. Leacock, Stephen, Adventurers of the Far North; A Chronicle of the Frozen Seas
Vol. 21. Wood, Louis Aubrey, The Red River Colony; A Chronicle of the Beginnings of Manitoba
Vol. 22. Laut, Agnes Christina, Pioneers of the Pacific Coast; A Chronicle of Sea Rovers and Fur Hunters
Vol. 23. Laut, Agnes Christina, The Cariboo Trail; A Chronicle of the Gold-fields of British Columbia

Part VII – The Struggle for Political Freedom
Vol. 24. Wallace, W. Stewart, The Family Compact; A Chronicle of the Rebellion in Upper Canada
Vol. 25. Decelles, Alfred D., The ‘Patriotes’ of ’37; A Chronicle of the Lower Canadian Rebellion
Vol. 26. Grant, William Lawson, The Tribune of Nova Scotia; A Chronicle of Joseph Howe
Vol. 27. Macmechan, Archibald, The Winning of Popular Government; A Chronicle of the Union of 1841

Part VIII – The Growth of Nationality
Vol. 28. Colquhoun, A. H. U., The Fathers of Confederation; A Chronicle of the Birth of the Dominion
Vol. 29. Pope, Sir Joseph, Sir John Macdonald; A Chronicle of the First Prime Minister of the Dominion
Vol. 30. Skelton, Oscar D., The Day of Sir Wilfrid Laurier; A Chronicle of Our Own Times

Part IX – National Highways
Vol. 31. Wood, William, All Afloat; A Chronicle of Craft and Waterways
Vol. 32. Skelton, Oscar D., The Railway Builders; A Chronicle of Overland Highways

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